(TNS)

Tribune News Service

Newsfeatures Budget for Sunday, July 7, 2019

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Updated at 4:30 a.m. EDT (0830 UTC).

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Additional news stories appear on the MCT-NEWS-BJT.

This budget is now available at TribuneNewsService.com, with direct links to stories and art. See details at the end of the budget.

^TOP STORIES<

^This volunteer patrol warns immigrants if ICE is in their neighborhoods<

IMMIGRANTS-ICE-VOLUNTEERS:SD — Benjamin Prado finished his patrol of Southeast San Diego just before 7 a.m. Thursday, as early-morning shoppers stocked up on hot dogs and carne asada for the Fourth of July holiday.

Prado wasn't on the lookout for gangs, drugs or crime. He and three other volunteers were on the lookout for Immigration and Customs Enforcement.

"Over the past several months we've seen a higher presence of ICE in this area," said Prado, a member of Uni n del Barrio, a volunteer immigrant rights group. "Residents, neighbors and friends have called to let us know that ICE is here."

This is an example of how some immigrant communities have responded to the Trump administration's threats of increased deportations. Uni n del Barrio say these patrols are a direct response to the administration's crackdown on illegal immigration and the volunteers view themselves as the community's first line of defense.

1100 by Gustavo Solis in San Diego. MOVED

PHOTOS

^WASHINGTON<

^Exchange programs think beyond urban vs. rural<

EXCHANGE-PROGRAMS:SH — It took going to law school a decade ago and meeting classmates from small cities and towns across Kentucky for Brandon Coan to be faced with a conservatism that felt at odds with his Louisville upbringing. It led Coan to put some distance between himself and the state of Kentucky.

"I'm a Louisville person; I'm not a Kentucky person," he said he considered himself at the time.

But that's changed, he said. "RUX helped bring me back from that."

RUX, short for Rural-Urban Exchange, brings together Kentuckians interested in getting to know different areas of the state while developing their professional and leadership skills. They take part in three intensive meetings in various communities to build connections across cultural, racial, economic and geographic divides. Participants engage in conversations and activities that can challenge their identities as Kentuckians but also help them to see their similarities.

1750 (with trims) by April Simpson in Washington. MOVED

PHOTO

^UNITED STATES<

^California vaccination rate drops as doctors grant more exemptions. Is there a link?<

CALIF-VACCINATION:LA — California's kindergarten vaccination rate dropped again in the most recent school year as more parents sought permission from doctors to not immunize their children, according to new state data.

The troubling trend comes amid a national measles outbreak as well as intense debate over whether California should strengthen its school immunization laws.

California already has one of the strictest vaccination laws in the country, preventing children from skipping their shots unless a doctor says they have a medical reason to be exempt. Some health advocates fear that parents are obtaining exemptions for their children without valid medical reasons. Those advocates are now pushing lawmakers to clamp down on fraudulent exemptions.

1550 (with trims) by Soumya Karlamangla and Melody Gutierrez. MOVED

PHOTO, GRAPHIC

^THE WORLD<

^China has a new casino: The Philippines<

PHILIPPINES-CHINA-GAMBLING:LA — Gambling is illegal in China, but that didn't prevent Fan Zheng from betting tens of thousands of dollars online.

The 30-year-old store clerk from the island province of Hainan learned about the opportunity early last year from marketing agents who, Fan believes, contacted him because he played no-stakes online card games.

At first, the agents persuaded him to bet on card games. That added thrill and a chance of making money to something he was already doing for fun.

But the card games were slow, and Fan kept losing. The agents suggested that he try a game called Tencent Every-Minute-Lottery. As the name suggests, there is a new chance to win every minute.

Soon he was hooked. Sometimes he bet $1.50. Other times, he bet $10,000.

Operating safely out of reach of Chinese authorities, the lottery website and its agents are based hundreds of miles away in the Philippines.

1550 (with trims) by David Pierson and Alice Su in Manila, Philippines. MOVED

PHOTO

^SCIENCE, MEDICINE, ENVIRONMENT<

^The war on Southern California smog is slipping. Fixing it is a $14 billion problem<

ENV-CALIF-SMOG:LA — The war on smog has been called one of America's greatest environmental successes. Decades of emissions-cutting regulations under a bipartisan law — the 1970 Clean Air Act — have eased the choking pollution that once shrouded U.S. cities. Cleaner air has saved lives and strengthened the lungs of Los Angeles children.

But now, air quality is slipping once again.

Bad air days are ticking up across the nation, and emissions reductions are slowing. The most notable setback has been with ozone, the lung-damaging gas in smog that builds up in warm, sunny weather and triggers asthma attacks and other health problems that can be deadly.

Health effects from ozone pollution have remained essentially unchanged over the last decade — "stubbornly high," according to a study published this year by scientists at New York University and the American Thoracic Society.

Nowhere is the situation worse than in Southern California.

1200 by Tony Barboza and Rahul Mukherjee in Los Angeles. MOVED

PHOTO, GRAPHICS

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