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Tribune News Service

Op-Ed Budget for Monday, January 13, 2020

Updated at 4:30 a.m. ET (0930 UTC)

This budget is now available on the web at www.TribuneNewsService.com, with direct links to stories and art. See details at the end of the budget.

^FORUM<

^Commentary: On Prohibition's 100th anniversary, should we expect the same fate for marijuana?<

^MARIJUANA-COMMENTARY:MCT—<Alcohol prohibition became the law of the land 100 years ago — on Jan. 16, 1920 — following ratification of the 18th Amendment and enactment of the Volstead Act. Progressivism played a driving role, with Americans possessed by reformist fervor set to cure the ills of society by banning the manufacture and sale of liquor. Today, progressive reformers are pushing in a seemingly opposite direction, seeking to undo a longstanding ban on marijuana.

What lessons do the demise of alcohol prohibition provide for modern-day marijuana advocates? The circumstances are not as similar as you might think, and we should not expect a federal marijuana policy reversal in the near future.

750 by Donald J. Boudreaux and Adam C. Pritchard. MOVED

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^Commentary: Young offenders don't belong in adult prisons. California has a chance to end the practice<

^YOUNGOFFENDERS-COMMENTARY:LA—<Adulthood doesn't magically happen on the day someone turns 18. Any parent knows this, and numerous laws and social practices also recognize the fact.

The recently enacted federal budget, for example, bars youth under 21 from purchasing tobacco, something prohibited in California since 2016. California's abused and neglected youth receive government help until age 21, and Californians under 21 are not allowed to consume alcohol or marijuana or purchase handguns in the state. Nationally, youth can stay on their parents' health insurance until age 26 under the Affordable Care Act.

And have you ever stopped to consider why car insurance rates are so high for those under 25 and why many car rental agencies won't rent to them? This is not due to soft-headed policymaking, but because hard-nosed actuarial analyses have found that emerging adults are higher-risk drivers.

900 by Vincent Schiraldi. MOVED

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^Commentary: Brexit enters its Meghan and Harry phase<

^BRITAIN-EU-COMMENTARY:BLO—<Brexit has felt a little like Meghan and Harry's decision to stay linked to the Royal Family but "financially independent" of it. It has been hard to imagine what the new order will look like, but it's obvious that getting there will be messy. As he seeks regulatory independence from the European Union, Boris Johnson (like the royal couple) will have to make some real trade-offs.

1050 by Therese Raphael. MOVED

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^Commentary: California's election rules make it hard to hold politicians accountable<

^CALIF-ELECTIONRULES-COMMENTARY:LA—<On Dec. 18, when the House of Representatives voted to impeach President Donald Trump, some members of California's congressional delegation voted "yea" and some voted "nay."

You might want to run against your representative in the 2020 election if you disagree with the way he or she voted that day. But thanks to California's top-two primary and its March primary date, you'd have to wait until 2022.

As of Dec. 11, no one could throw his or her proverbial hat in the ring from California. In other words, every member of California's House delegation was insulated from challengers before the impeachment vote happened. That's not a good system for political accountability.

700 by Derek Muller. MOVED

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^Commentary: Rediscovering America: A quiz on the US census<

^CENSUS-QUIZ-COMMENTARY:MCT—<The decennial U.S. census — or Population and Housing Census as it is also known — endeavors to count every individual living in the United States and the five U.S. territories, and will take place again this year.

The quiz below, from the Ashbrook Center at Ashland University in Ohio, provides an opportunity for you to test your knowledge of the history and purpose of the U.S. Census.

400 by David Tucker. MOVED

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^COLUMNS<

^Trudy Rubin: Phase Two of the U.S.-Iran conflict will take place in Iraq<

^RUBIN-COLUMN:PH—<This is a moment — in the wake of the Soleimani killing and the mild Iranian response — when everyone needs to take a deep breath.

900 by Trudy Rubin. MOVED

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^Martin Schram: Mission accomplished for Trump's new whisperer<

^SCHRAM-COLUMN:MCT—<The new Trump Whisperer, former Kansas congressman Mike Pompeo, returned to his Capitol roots in triumph Wednesday. Sort of.

Secretary of State Pompeo, the lone survivor of President Donald Trump's Kleenex box of disposable national security officials, was clearly the one in charge when Trump's team of Cabinet members and generals went to Congress. Their mission was billed as an in-depth, top-secret, cell-phones-forbidden classified briefing for all senators and representatives on the Hows, Whys and Why-Nows of the missile strike that executed Iran's famous Gen. Qassem Soleimani.

But mainly, Pompeo was in charge of making sure Trump's latest national security team did no such thing. Mission Accomplished, Mr. Secretary.

800 by Martin Schram. MOVED

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^Virginia Heffernan: Call Trumpism what it is: a cult<

^HEFFERNAN-COLUMN:LA—<The comparisons have come hard and fast, at least since 2015. Trump is like Silvio Berlusconi, like Adolf Hitler, like Boris Johnson. A 2018 film called "The Trump Prophecy" took the evangelical route, comparing Trump to Cyrus the Great, the 6th century BC Persian monarch chosen by God to free Jewish captives in Babylon.

But maybe it's time to stop searching for the exact analogy for Trump, be he Cyrus or Boris, Adolf or a Silvio. What demands analysis is less the arrogant 73-year-old mediocrity in the Oval Office, but the worshipful attitude so many Americans have toward him.

850 by Virginia Heffernan. MOVED

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^Michael R. Strain: 'Late capitalism'? Not even close<

^STRAIN-COLUMN:BLO—<Use of the term "late capitalism" has exploded during the past decade, no doubt driven by the economic and psychological damage the Great Recession of 2007-2009 inflicted on millions of people. Capitalism may have once delivered broad prosperity, the critics argue, but now the system serves to entrench the elite. And there are reasons to be concerned. Productivity growth has lagged for over a decade, threatening prosperity. Declines in geographic mobility and entrepreneurship raise legitimate worries about the energy necessary to sustain a market economy.

But despite real economic challenges and the trauma of the recession, it's important to ask whether the current "stage" of capitalism, as the pessimists like to frame it, is as dire as they would have you believe.

1200 by Michael R. Strain. MOVED

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^David Zurawik: Fox News embraces windbags of war during Iran threat<

^ZURAWIK-COLUMN:BZ—<After the lessons media should have learned from their cheerleading before and during the disastrous Iraq invasion in 2003, I did not expect to see the windbags of war back on TV in all their gung-ho bluster as tensions mounted with Iran.

But there they were, back on the Fox News Channel and Fox Business Network like a bad dream from 17 years ago urging President Donald Trump to use "full force" and unleash "holy hell" on Iran after it fired missiles into an Iraqi base that housed members of the U.S. military.

1400 by David Zurawik. MOVED

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^Andres Oppenheimer: Top world economists expect Latin America to do better in 2020, but don't get too excited about it<

^OPPENHEIMER-COLUMN:MI—<Despite the images of violence and social protests that we are seeing in much of Latin America, top international economists specializing in the region are surprisingly confident that Latin American economies will grow in 2020. It won't be a great year, but it will be better than 2019, they say.

800 by Andres Oppenheimer. MOVED

^Doyle McManus: A week of almost-war led to — what, exactly?<

^MCMANUS-COLUMN:LA—<By week's end, Washington and Tehran returned to the shadow war they've conducted for the last 40 years: U.S. economic sanctions against Iran, and Iranian proxy strikes against U.S. interests in the Middle East.

But it's not the same old stalemate. It's worse, for two reasons.

800 by Doyle McManus. MOVED

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^Dahleen Glanton: The culture clash at Prince Harry and Meghan Markle's wedding signaled trouble ahead<

^GLANTON-COLUMN:TB—<Anybody who got up early to watch Prince Harry and Meghan Markle tie the knot should have known that the fairy tale wasn't going to last. That gospel choir was a dead giveaway.

The couple's decision to step back from their duties as senior members of the British royal family and go out on their own sent shock waves through the world last week. But signs of family discord were always there, even at the wedding.

1000 by Dahleen Glanton. MOVED

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^SYNDICATED COLUMNS<

^Clarence Page: Advice to Prince Harry and Meghan Markle: Don't let the haters get you down<

^PAGE-COLUMN:TB—<Yes, like numerous other people across the civilized world, I was oddly surprised but not really shocked to hear that Prince Harry, the Duke of Sussex and his American-born wife Meghan Markle, the Duchess of Sussex, have decided to pretty much call it quits on the royalty thing.

700 by Clarence Page. MOVED

^Robert B. Reich: American companies are free agents — which Trump doesn't understand<

^REICH-COLUMN:MCT—<Donald Trump's "phase one" agreement with China, expected to be signed this week, is intended partly to slow China's move into new technologies like electric cars by protecting the intellectual property of American corporations.

Which lends a certain irony to Tesla's Model 3 electric sedans now coming off assembly lines at the firm's new multibillion-dollar plant in Shanghai.

The Model 3 marks a huge milestone for Elon Musk's company as it rapidly expands in the world's largest electric-vehicle market. But it's not a milestone for America.

850 by Robert B. Reich. MOVED

^John Kass: 'Richard Jewell,' Nicholas Sandmann and the media mob<

^KASS-COLUMN:TB—<While watching Clint Eastwood's great new film "Richard Jewell," about the heroic security guard of the Atlanta Olympics who saved lives only to be savaged by the media mob, I thought about another innocent.

Nicholas Sandmann, the kid from Covington Catholic High School in Kentucky. He suffered the same kind of agony and humiliation.

950 by John Kass. MOVED

^<

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^EDITORIALS<

^Editorial: The House's half-baked effort to take its war powers back from Trump<

^CONGRESS-WARPOWERS-EDITORIAL:LA—<Now that President Donald Trump has pushed the United States closer to yet another armed conflict in the Middle East, congressional Democrats and a smattering of Republicans are trying to reassert Congress' power to decide when the U.S. goes to war. What's taken them so long?

550 by The Times Editorial Board. MOVED

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^Editorial: Voting on war: Congress shirking its duty to declare war<

^CONGRESS-WARPOWERS-EDITORIAL:PG—<Congress has been shirking its constitutional duty to declare war before U.S. force is used for more than two decades.

450. MOVED

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^Editorial: The United States should confront Iran, but it needs a coherent strategy to succeed<

^USIRAN-EDITORIAL:DA—<Count us among those who are not mourning the death of Iranian Gen. Qassem Soleimani. Killing American soldiers is just one of many terrible things he did that leaves the world better without him in it. Also, count us among those who are grateful that President Donald Trump opted to de-escalate tension with Iran, possibly stopping a spiral into open war.

1050 . MOVED

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^Editorial: No debate about it: Mike Bloomberg should be in the Democratic talkfest<

^BLOOMBERG-EDITORIAL:NY—<Mike Bloomberg has run in four contested primaries or elections for mayor of New York City; each time, he debated his opponent twice. We listened to the first one, which was on radio, and watched seven on TV.

Now, he's eager to debate his rivals for the Democratic presidential nomination.

250. MOVED

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^Editorial: Cancer death rates show a record drop, and Americans who quit smoking get much of the credit<

^CANCER-DEATHS-EDITORIAL:TB—<Lung cancer is by far the biggest killer of the cancers, and smoking — which is also implicated in other types of cancer — has been declining for decades. There are powerful new ways to diagnose and treat lung cancer, and even patients with advanced disease are living longer.

500 by The Editorial Board. MOVED

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