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Tribune News Service

News Budget for papers of Sunday, November 3, 2019

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Updated at 10 p.m. EDT (0200 UTC).

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These stories are recommended for weekend release, except where embargoes are noted. Please make sure you are adhering to embargoes on our stories in both your print and online operations.

This budget is now available at TribuneNewsService.com, with direct links to stories and art. See details at the end of the budget.

^TOP STORIES<

^This Alaska mine could generate $1 billion a year. Is it worth the risk to salmon?<

ENV-ALASKA-PEBBLEMINE:LA — A brown bear loped across rolling green tundra as Charles Weimer set down a light, single-engine helicopter on a remote hilltop.

Spooked, the big grizzly vanished into alder thickets above a valley braided with creeks and falls. Weimer scanned warily for more bears. He warned his passenger, Mike Heatwole, to sit tight as the blades spun to a halt, ruffling red, purple and yellow alpine flowers.

The two men stepped out into the enveloping silence of southwest Alaska's wilderness. Before them stretched two of the wildest river systems left in the United States. Beneath their feet lay the world's biggest known untapped deposit of copper and gold.

Weimer and Heatwole worked for Pebble Limited Partnership, a subsidiary of a Canadian company that aims to dig Pebble Mine, an open pit the size of 460 football fields and deeper than One World Trade Center is tall. To proponents, it's a glittering prize that could yield sales of more than $1 billion a year in an initial two decades of mining.

It could also, critics fear, bring about the destruction of one of the world's great fisheries.

2550 by Richard Read in Iliamna, Alaska. MOVED

PHOTOS, GRAPHICS

^WASHINGTON<

^Friend or foe? Washington is vexed by an uninvited visitor<

JEFFERSON-MEMORIAL:LA — Even in an intrigue-filled capital accustomed to shadowy visitors with vague intentions, one that recently took up residence at a very fancy address here is particularly unnerving.

It arrived without warning and refuses to leave. It moves slowly but stubbornly, like some members of Congress. Government scientists are still trying to sort out if it is friend or foe. Lasers are involved.

Not since a spaceship parked downtown in the 1950s sci-fi classic "The Day the Earth Stood Still" has Washington been so confused by an uninvited guest as it is by the bacteria, fungi and algae creeping over the once-gleaming dome of the Jefferson Memorial, leaving black splotches in its wake.

1500 (with trims) by Evan Halper in Washington. MOVED

PHOTOS

^Hawaiian reef case at Supreme Court could limit Clean Water Act<

SCOTUS-WATERACT:BLO — A Supreme Court dispute involving a coral reef off Hawaii could impose major limits on the U.S. Clean Water Act, giving mines and coal-fired power plants what environmental advocates say would be a new license to pollute.

The justices are set to hear arguments Nov. 6 in the case, which centers on treated wastewater that makes its way into the waters off a picturesque Maui beach.

Maui County officials, backed by the Trump administration and business groups, are urging the court to say the treatment facility doesn't need a federal permit because it pumps its wastewater into the ground, not directly into the ocean. David Henkin, an Earthjustice lawyer challenging the discharges, said the county's position would "blow an enormous hole in the Clean Water Act."

But the U.S. Chamber of Commerce says environmentalists are trying to stretch the permit requirement so far it could apply to home septic systems.

800 by Greg Stohr in Washington. MOVED

PHOTO

^UNITED STATES<

^'History's hoarders': At Philadelphia's Wyck Historic House, no one met a piece of paper they didn't like — for 300 years<

WYCKPAPERS:PH — As Philadelphia historic sites go, Wyck Historic House & Garden, a National Historic Landmark, has been rather retiring, in a Quakerly sort of way.

But the family that occupied Wyck through nine generations, beginning around 1690 when German immigrant Hans Milan and his wife, Margaret, built the original square log structure, had staying power.

Milan's descendants through marriage — notably Wistars and Haineses — were not flashy. They did not win famous battles or become captains of industry commanding armies of workers. But they were engaged, industrious and prominent in a variety of fields from business to science to agriculture and public affairs for three centuries.

And they liked to save.

How much? Plenty, as the American Philosophical Society well knows. APS has just taken full possession of the entirety of the Wyck papers — all 100,000-plus letters, recipes, and accounting ledgers, notes, diaries, journals and business documents.

900 (with trims) by Stephan Salisbury in Philadelphia. MOVED

PHOTOS

^SCIENCE, MEDICINE, ENVIRONMENT<

^Cities, tribes try a new environmental approach: Give nature rights<

ENV-NATURE-RIGHTS:SH — When members of the White Earth band of Ojibwe in Minnesota take out their canoes to harvest wild rice, they're gathering a source of nourishment and following a tradition that has connected them to the land for generations.

But to the White Earth people, manoomin isn't just a resource to be used — it's an independent entity with the right "to exist, flourish, regenerate and evolve."

Other tribes and even some cities also are embracing the idea that Mother Nature has legal rights — setting the stage for court battles that could shake governments, businesses and the environmental movement.

2000 (with trims) by Alex Brown in Washington. (Moved as a Washington story.) MOVED

PHOTOS

^BEST OF NEWSFEATURES<

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These stories moved earlier in the week and are suitable for weekend publication.

^The progressive Indian grandfather who inspired Kamala Harris<

HARRIS-GRANDFATHER:LA — For a girl from Berkeley, about 5 years old, the setting must have been intoxicating: a bungalow surrounded by greenery in a newly independent African capital, where children ran outside to wave at the president's car as he drove past.

This was where a young Kamala Harris spent time in the late 1960s, at a house in Lusaka, Zambia, that belonged to her maternal grandfather, an Indian civil servant on assignment in an era of postcolonial ferment.

The Indian government had dispatched P.V. Gopalan to help Zambia manage an influx of refugees from Rhodesia — the former name of Zimbabwe — which had just declared independence from Britain. It was the capstone of a four-decade career that began when Gopalan joined government service fresh out of college in the 1930s, in the final years of British rule in India.

It was also the start of a relationship that would define Harris' life.

2200 by Shashank Bengali and Melanie Mason in New Delhi. MOVED

PHOTOS

^As Trump seeks reelection, a growing army of immigrant voters stands in his path<

NATURALIZED-VOTERS:LA — This is where a nation changes: a public school auditorium that moonlights as a veritable citizenship factory.

At the M.O. Campbell Educational Center, where murals honoring the arts and sciences adorn the walls, U.S. immigration officials routinely hold packed naturalization ceremonies. Immigrants approved for citizenship walk in, take the oath of allegiance, and walk out as Americans — and as a small army of new voters.

"It will never, ever be easier to register than it is this morning," U.S. District Judge Keith P. Ellison, who presided over a ceremony last month, told the 2,155 immigrants from more than 100 countries who had just taken their citizenship oaths.

At ceremonies like these across the country, hundreds of thousands of immigrants are expected to receive their U.S. citizenship and become eligible to vote before November 2020, gently reshaping — and threatening — the electoral path that President Donald Trump must thread to win reelection.

1750 (with trims) by Matt Pearce in Houston. MOVED

PHOTO

^More Americans keep dying while walking. Even more carnage lies ahead<

PEDESTRIAN-DEATHS:WA — The nation's pedestrian death toll keeps climbing unforgivingly. The number reached its highest level since 1990 last year, and state after state is projected to see more carnage increase in 2019.

Washington spends big money year after year to promote, research and improve pedestrian safety. Four years ago, it added a special program that states could use to find ways to make streets safer.

But the government also spends far more to build, improve and repair bigger, faster roads even as the pedestrian numbers remain grim. Experts and members of Congress lament that far more needs to be done.

1450 (with trims) by David Lightman in Washington. MOVED

PHOTO

^A year after her ex set her on fire, domestic violence victim 'starting over again'<

DOMESTIC-VIOLENCE-VICTIM:DA — Danyeil Townzen thrust a fist into the air at the back of a Dallas courtroom, using what little sensation she had left in her scarred right hand to celebrate her ex-boyfriend's judgment day.

For setting Danyeil on fire last year and abandoning her at a northeast Dallas apartment, a judge sentenced Matthew Gerth to prison for life — while Danyeil got a new lease on hers.

It isn't the first time the 41-year-old has had to restart her life. She lost her mother and her marriage in years past, and in the May 2018 attack lost her home, van, job, and her tattoos, which burned away.

But Danyeil never lost her resolve.

"(I'm) starting over again," she said outside the courtroom, moments after Gerth was sentenced in September. "It's hard to do, but I got to start over from scratch. I lost everything. I've done it before, and I can do it again."

1600 by LaVendrick Smith in Dallas. MOVED

PHOTOS

^Once one of America's favorite pastimes, greyhound racing eats dust<

GREYHOUND-RACING:SH — Rick Bartley once raced the greyhounds he breeds in Kansas all over the country, but the past decade has slowly stripped him of his livelihood. As state laws and attitudes toward commercial greyhound racing have shifted, fewer and fewer race tracks are open for business.

In October, Bartley learned that after 63 years, Southland Casino Racing in West Memphis, Ark., plans to phase out greyhound racing too.

Greyhound racing, once legal in 19 states, used to be among the most popular sporting activities in the country, but it's gradually declined since the 1990s. States have steadily phased out the races in response to the concerns of animal welfare activists, declining public interest and changes in the entertainment business and gambling.

1600 by April Simpson in Washington. (Moved as a national story.) MOVED

PHOTOS, GRAPHIC

^Justice Department changed hiring to promote restrictive immigration judges<

IMMIGRATION-JUDGES:CON — The Department of Justice has quietly changed hiring procedures to permanently place immigration judges repeatedly accused of bias to a powerful appellate board, adding to growing worries about the politicization of the immigration court system.

Documents obtained through Freedom of Information Act requests suggest that an already opaque hiring procedure was tweaked for the six newest hires to the 21-member Board of Immigration Appeals. All six board members, added in August, were immigration judges with some of the highest asylum denial rates. Some also had the highest number of decisions in 2017 that the same appellate body sent back to them for reconsideration. All six members were immediately appointed to the board without a yearslong probationary period.

1800 by Tanvi Misra in Washington. MOVED

PHOTO

^California struggles to keep illegal guns and ammunition from crossing state lines<

NEV-GUNSHOWS-CALIF:LA — Ten special agents from the California Department of Justice were watching as a man walked out of the Big Reno Show and placed his purchases in his car.

The black Isuzu with California plates headed west on Interstate 80 into the Sierra Nevada, eventually crossing the Nevada state line. That's when the California Highway Patrol pulled Vincent Huey over. Inside the vehicle, state Justice Department agents found 18 high-capacity magazines, some capable of holding 30 rounds, according to court records.

In recent years, California has enacted increasingly strict gun control laws. Assault rifles and ammunition magazines capable of holding more than 10 rounds are illegal to buy or import in California, but stopping their flow over the border has been a struggle.

1250 (with trims) by Patrick McGreevy in Sacramento, Calif. MOVED

PHOTO

^As vaping devices evolve, new potential hazards scrutinized<

^ECIGARETTES-TECHNOLOGY:KHN—<The smokeless tobacco industry that began with low-voltage cigarette look-alikes has evolved to include customizable, high-wattage machines capable of generating enormous clouds of vapor — and potentially toxic substances.

As the technology continues to change, researchers are finding more evidence that the way vaping devices and e-liquids interact could harm consumers. High-powered devices may overheat vaping liquids to produce toxic chemicals, tobacco experts warn, and the aerosol that is inhaled may be contaminated with dangerous metals from the device.

1100 (with trims) by Carmen Heredia Rodriguez. MOVED

PHOTO

^US trash is treasure in Indonesian village<

INDONESIA-TRASHIMPORTS:LA — Few Americans have heard of this village, wedged between peanut farms and a paper mill on the island of Java. But the people here have gained an intimate familiarity with the United States — by rooting around in its trash.

They have combed through ripped sleeves of Oreos, empty packages of Trader Joe's meatballs, discarded "Lord of the Rings" DVDs and dented plastic shampoo bottles. They have even discovered the occasional $20 bill.

"It's amazing sometimes," marveled 43-year-old Eko Wahyudi, "what American people throw away."

He is one of the many scrap dealers in Bangun, a village of 1,500 families at the receiving end of a transoceanic waste trade worth more than $1.5 billion a year.

The U.S. and other wealthy nations have long sent cargo ships of scrap to Asia, where it is sorted and recycled to fuel industries hungry for raw materials.

The arrangement may not last much longer.

1600 (with trims) by Shashank Bengali in Bangun, Indonesia. MOVED

PHOTOS

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